While sharing articles will definitely boost your knowledge when it comes to all things Cannabidiol, we feel that this ultimate CBD glossary will propel you further if you understand the terms, abbreviations, and lingo that are being used within these articles of compiled information. It is our hope that you will better understand the wonderful world of CBD with a complete breakdown of the terms used.
Agricultural Hemp: A variety of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant that cannot legally contain more than 0.3 percent THC. It is also commonly referred to as “industrial hemp.”
Bioavailability: A word used to describe the specific amount of a given substance that actually enters the bloodstream and is available for use by the body.
Botanical: Pertaining to, of, containing, or created from plants.
Broad Spectrum: Containing a wide variety of the molecules, compounds, and other elements present in the extract’s source material. Usually used to describe the properties of a CBD extract. Broad Spectrum means all of the Cannabinoids are used, while THC is left behind during the extraction process.
Cannabidiol: CBD, an abbreviated term for “cannabidiol,” is one of the most prevalent phytocannabinoids naturally found in plants from the Cannabis genus and is the key ingredient in a wide variety of CBD products including edibles, tinctures, and topicals.
Cannabinoids: A class of molecules which naturally occur exclusively in members of the Cannabaceae botanical family.
Cannabinoid Profile: The specific amounts and types of cannabinoids contained in a given extract or product.
Cannabinoid Receptors: The part of the endocannabinoid system that governs how cannabinoids interact with physiological processes.
Cannabigerol (CBG): Cannabigerol is a lesser-known cannabinoid naturally found exclusively in members of the Cannabaceae botanical family.
Cannabinol (CBN): Cannabinol is another lesser-known cannabinoid naturally found exclusively in members of the Cannabaceae botanical family.
CBC: A shorthand term for “cannabichromene,” a phytocannabinoid of the Cannabis genus.
CBD-A: A shorthand term for “cannabidiolic-acid,” an acidic cannabinoid and the raw form of CBD.
CBD Isolate: CBD Isolate is a cannabis product containing only 99% pure extracted CBD, with no additional ingredients. The additional plant matter is removed during the extraction process, resulting in a crystalline powder. The isolate powder may be sold on its own or included as an ingredient in different CBD products.
CBD Oil: A term commonly used to refer to an oil-based tincture specifically formulated with high concentrations of cannabidiol.
CBD Extract: An extraction obtained from the hemp plant, containing cannabinoids, terpenoids, fatty acids, and a variety of other plant materials. A CBD extract is distinguishable by its high level of CBD and low levels of other cannabinoids, including THC. The specific balance of cannabinoids depends on the specific hemp source, the extraction method, and other factors in the processing of the final product. Extracts may be offered alone or incorporated into many different CBD products.
Cannabis: A genus of flowering plants that includes a wide range of species, such as Cannabis Sativa L, which is commonly the source plant for both hemp and marijuana. It is also the generic term for marijuana when this term is referring to the psychoactive drug cannabis.
Cannabis Sativa L.: A species of plant within the Cannabis genus that includes both agricultural hemp as well as marijuana.
Certificate of Analysis (COA): A report or certificate provided by a testing facility, detailing both the verification and results of scientific tests performed on a specific batch of products. A Certificate of Analysis for CBD and other cannabis-related products often include tests for quality and the presence of CBD (among other chemicals), terpenes, solvents, heavy metals, contaminants, and other substances. Many reputable CBD brands provide customers with free access to COAs for their products as a demonstration of quality and consistency. Also known as a Third-Party Lab Report.
C02 Extraction: A well-tested method for extracting CBD (and other molecules) from the plant, allowing for a solvent-free final product.
Concentrate: An extract that has received further refinement to maximize the concentration of a specific component. It is at times called by varying names including “shatter” or “wax”, often referring to cannabis-sourced extract.
Decarboxylation: The process of gently heating the raw source material over time in order to remove a carboxyl group that prevents absorption.
Edible: A category of cannabis products designed to be consumed orally that includes CBD-infused confections and beverages.
Endocannabinoids: Endogenous (naturally occurring) cannabinoids found within the human body. These lipid metabolites play a dual role in intercellular communication. Scientists are currently investigating how endocannabinoids interact with human physiology.
Endocannabinoid System (ECS): In the human body, this is the system that includes endocannabinoids, their receptors, and the enzymes responsible for their regulation, production, and degradation. This is the system responsible for interacting with both the endogenous cannabinoids and externally produced cannabinoids introduced to the body through the use of members of the cannabaceae family.
Endogenous: Naturally originating within an organism, occurring through a self-made process.
Entourage Effect: The name given to a phenomenon in which it appears that all of the compounds and molecules found in the source material work synergistically to produce a greater influence than any of the isolated components on their own.
e-Liquid / e-Juice / Vape Juice: A liquid product designed for use with vaporizer devices. Many e-liquids are offered in a variety of flavors and are heated by a vape device until they are converted into vapor form. E-Liquids can be infused with CBD extracts to allow the rapid absorption of CBD into the body through vaping.
Full Spectrum: Usually used to describe a type of extract and refinement process or lack thereof. A Full Spectrum CBD extraction will contain the CBD molecule as well as all of the other cannabinoids, terpenes, and other materials naturally occurring in the source material.
Hemp: A classification of Cannabis Sativa containing a relatively high proportion of CBD and a relatively low proportion of THC. Hemp, also known as Industrial Hemp, is estimated to have over 25,000 industrial applications spanning a diverse range of industries.
Hemp Oil: This is a broad term used to describe a variety of oil-based formulations containing extracted material originating from the hemp plant. More specifically, hemp oil could refer to hemp seed oil, CBD oil, or other hemp-derived extractions suspended in an oil base.
Hemp Seed Oil: Sometimes referred to as hemp oil, hemp seed oil does not contain any CBD, THC, or other cannabinoids. Hemp seed oil is specifically derived from the seeds of the hemp plant and is most commonly used as nutritious cooking oil or as an ingredient in personal care products.
Hybrid: The result of a crossbreeding of two existing sub-species to create a new and genetically unique sub-species.
Industrial Hemp: A sub-species of Cannabis Sativa that generally contains no more than 0.3% THC content. Industrial hemp is estimated to have over 25,000 potential industrial applications across a wide range of industries. Industrial hemp is also an excellent extraction candidate for a CBD-rich resulting product.
Indica: An abbreviated reference to Cannabis indica.
Marijuana: Marijuana is a high-THC strain of a species of the Cannabis plant. It is also the common name for the psychoactive drug that is used for a variety of purposes. It is subject to legal restrictions over its possession, use, and cultivation. Unlike hemp, marijuana has lower levels of CBD and higher levels of THC.
Myrcene: One of the over 200 terpenes naturally occurring in members of the Cannabis genus.
Medium-Chain Triglyceride (MCT) Oil: A colorless and odorless oil that remains in a liquid state at room temperature. Most often derived from coconut oil, MCT Oil is often used as a “carrier” oil for various types of tinctures.
Microdosing: The practice of taking extremely small doses of a substance in order to promote a cellular response without triggering a whole-body experience.
Nanoemulsion: A process through which non-water-soluble molecules may be broken down into smaller, water-soluble pieces.
Non-Activated: A term that refers to raw material prior to decarboxylation.
Oil: Any nonpolar chemical substance which presents as a viscous liquid at room temperature that both easily mixes with other oils and will not mix with water.
Oral: Relating to the mouth. For instance, “oral ingestion” refers to ingesting a substance by way of the mouth.
Pure CBD Oil: Refers to an oil-based CBD extraction that has not been adulterated or diluted.
Psychoactive: A term used to refer to a substance that acts upon the central nervous system resulting in altered brain function that may cause temporary changes in mood, perception, behavior, and/or consciousness.
Phytocannabinoid: Molecules synthesized by plants in the Cannabaceae family. There are 113 currently known phytocannabinoids, of which CBD (cannabidiol) and CBG (cannabigerol) are but two.
Pinene: A compound naturally occurring in certain sub-species of the Cannabis genus. Pinene is an aromatic compound with an aroma similar to pine.
Sativa: An abbreviation of Cannabis Sativa. May also be used to describe the genetic background of a particular sub-species, such as in the term “Sativa-dominant hybrid”. See “Indica”.
Sublingual: referring to the ingestion of a substance by placing it under the tongue.
Spectrum: A term used to describe the complete makeup of molecules, compounds, etc that are contained within a given sample material. May also be used to describe the chemical makeup of extraction as compared to the source material, such as when used in the terms “full-spectrum”, “broad spectrum”, etc.
Terpenes: A diverse category of organic compounds produced by both plants and insects, specifically recognized for their powerful aromas and flavors, such as pine, berry, and cheese.
Terpsolate: A cannabis-derived product that contains both CBD isolate and terpenes.
Tincture: A liquid extract of plant or animal material dissolved in a solvent. In a CBD tincture, the CBD-rich flowers of the hemp plant are traditionally steeped in high-proof grain alcohol, vinegar or vegetable glycerin and allowed to simmer for several hours, before a carrier oil is added to improve the final product's taste. Tinctures often include a dropper for convenience.
Tetrahydrocannabinol: One of the most well-known cannabinoids, THC is responsible for creating the “high” that results from marijuana use.
Topical: Describes a substance designed for application to the skin.
Transdermal: Describes the ability of a substance to enter the bloodstream via absorption through the skin.
Vaping: The process of inhaling a vaporized liquid through the use of a personal vaporization device.
Water Soluble: A term indicating that a substance is capable of being dissolved in water. A product that is water-soluble is therefore absorbed quicker by the body.
2018 Farm Bill: A bill that passed through the United States legislature removing hemp and hemp-derived products from the Controlled Substances Act.
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